Published on November 8th, 2016
Acne scars are the scars or pits left by teenage or adult acne. It can be disfiguring, especially when located on the face, and can significantly impact a person’s self-esteem and confidence.
Types of Acne Scars
There are several types of acne scars. The most common is the ice pick scar, which appears as a slight pit right below the surface of the skin. The boxcar scar is more angular in shape than the ice pick scar. The rolling scar is deeper and more noticeable. Hypertrophic scars are less severe and even tend to disappear after a while. The keloid scar, however, is quite large and rubbery. It often occupies more space than the original blemish and may also be itchy and painful.
What Causes Acne Scars to Form?
Picking and bothering blemishes and pimples is the most common way scarring occurs, but scarring may also happen as a result of severe acne over a substantial period of time.
Treatment and Prevention
Of course, one should avoid touching and picking acne. Good hygiene and a treatment regimen are also important. Severe acne should be treated by a dermatologist, and the treatment may include prescription medicine.
If acne scarring remains a concern, there are a couple of treatments that will greatly improve the scarring and one’s overall appearance.
Dermal fillers are a method that is especially successful on rolling and boxcar scars. Medicine is injected into the site of the scar. Popular injection brands include Belotero, Juvederm, and Restylane. Patients often experience redness and swelling for a few days, so the doctor will discuss the treatment area and injection site specifically. If there is a large area of scarring, it will need to be dealt with in subsequent visits. Additionally, a cream will be provided to ease any burning or itching. It is also recommended that there be no facials or facial massages for a week after the procedure.
Laser treatment is another method for combating acne scarring. The microbeads of the laser cause coagulation and promote the growth of healthy tissue. There are usually few side-effects with this approach and results may be noticeable in three to five days.
The severity of the scarring and other health factors will help determine if dermal fillers or laser is the best treatment for a given individual. It is important to consult with a dermatologist or dermatology provider regarding your desired goals and expectations before undergoing treatment.