Varicose veins are gnarled engorged veins often accompanied by spider veins, small superficial veins close to the surface of the skin. In addition to being an unsightly skin concern, varicose veins are a sign of circulation problems.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are typically blue or purple and a skin concern primarily for those with lighter skin. The veins may also appear to be twisted or bulging. In addition to the unpleasant appearance, varicose veins can also cause a considerable amount of discomfort. Some people experience a burning, throbbing, or aching sensation. Varicose veins can also cause itching while bleeding may occur close to the vein.
Causes and Risk of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins can be attributed to pressure on the legs and feet as well as poor circulation. The pressure on the legs intensifies by excess weight, pregnancy, and extended periods of standing. Age is a factor of varicose veins developing, and gender also plays a significant role. Women are far more likely to develop varicose veins than their male counterparts.
How to Prevent the Formation of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins can be prevented or kept at bay by exercise and weight control to improve circulation and prevent obesity. Additionally, individuals who spend an extensive amount of time on their feet should take advantage of breaks by elevating their legs and feet.
Sometimes due to heredity or pregnancy, varicose veins can be difficult to avoid. Compression stockings are often recommended in addition to frequently elevating your legs.
When to Seek Medical Attention
Varicose veins can be very serious and lead to potentially fatal conditions such as blood clots. Any significant changes or visible swelling of a vein should warrant a visit to the doctor.
Treatment: Sclerotherapy Procedure
Sclerotherapy is the process by which a liquid substance is injected into the vein to force it to turn into scar tissue and reroute blood via healthier veins. Though it is a process used primarily for cosmetic purposes, it also helps to reduce the aching and throbbing which often accompanies severe varicose veins. It is also considered the primary treatment choice for small varicose veins.